The Smart BMS 12-200 is a Smart Battery Management system (BMS) for Victron lithium-iron-phosphate (LiFePO4) Smart Batteries.A Smart BMS that protects the alternator (and wiring), and supplies up to 200A in any DC load (including inverters and inverter/chargers) and is intended for use with Victron Smart LiFePo4 batteries with M8 circular connectors. It supports up to 10 batteries in parallel (BTVs are simply daisy-chained).

Starter battery Protection

This function is similar to that of a Cyrix Battery Combiner or Argo FET Battery Isolator. Current can flow to the LFP battery only if the input voltage (= voltage on the starter battery) exceeds 13V. Additionaly, current cannot flow back from the LFP battery to the starter battery, thus preventing eventual damage to the LFP battery due to excessive discharge.

Alternator and battery protection

The input current is electronically limited to approximately 90% of the fuse rating. A 100A fuse, for example, will therefore limit the input current to approximately 90A.

Choosing the right fuse will:

  • Protect the LFP battery against excessive charge current (important in case of a low capacity LFP battery).
  • Protect the alternator against overload in case of a high capacity LFP battery bank (most 12V alternators will overheat and fail if running at maximum output during more than 5 minutes).

Load/battery charger output-input (Power Port SYSTEM+)

This Power Port can be used to either charge or discharge the LFP battery (i.e. via a charger, an inverter or inverter/charger) with a maximum continuous current of 200A in both directions. Can also be used as a load output, thus DC loads can be connected directly to this port. The port is short-circuit protected with a peak discharge current of 400A.

The Smart BMS will make sure that the battery discharge will cut-off in case of imminent cell under voltage.

The Smart BMS will enable charging through this port, but no charge algorithm can be applied internally.

Li-ion battery protection

Excessive input voltage and transients are regulated down to a safe level. The Smart BMS will stop charging in case of cell over voltage or over temperature. It has three outputs, similar to the smallBMS:

Load Disconnect output

The Load output is normally high and becomes free floating in case of imminent cell under voltage (default 2,8V/cell, adjustable on the battery between 2,6V and 2,8V per cell). Maximum current: 10mA. The Load output can be used to control the remote on/off input of a Battery Protect, inverter, DC-DC converter or other loads.

Pre-Alarm output

The pre-alarm output can be used as warning when the battery voltage is low and it will trip shortly before the Load Disconnect output is disabled due to cell under voltage.

The pre-alarm output may be used to drive a relay, LED or Buzzer. It can be configured as continuous or intermittent signal.

The pre-alarm output is normally free floating and becomes high in case of imminent cell under voltage (default 3,1V/cell, adjustable on the battery between 2,85V and 3,15V per cell). Maximum current: 1A (not short circuit protected.)

The minimum delay between pre-alarm and load disconnect is 30 seconds.

Charge disconnect output

The Charger output is normally high and becomes free floating in case of imminent cell over voltage or over temperature. Maximum current: 10mA. The Charger output is not suitable to power an inductive load such as a relay coil. The Charger output can be used to control: The remote on/off of a charger, a Cyrix-Li-Charge relay, a Cyrix-Li-ct Battery Combiner.

(Note: in some cases, an interface cable will be needed, please see the manual.)

A non-inverting or inverting on/off cable may be required

Remote on/off input, also configurable as system on/off

The remote on/off input controls the charging via the alternator, while the BMS functionality will remain active regardless of the remote on/off state. The remote on/off can also be used as system on/off switch. This can be configured with VictronConnect. The remote on/off (or system on/off) consists of two terminals: Remote L and Remote H. A remote on/off switch or relay contact can be connected between L and H. Alternatively, terminal H can be switched to battery plus, or terminal L can be switched to battery minus.


Smart BMS 12/200 System Examples:

Application example with a MultiPlus and a MPPT


Application example with a MultiPlus and a BatteryProtect


Smart BMS 12V / 200A


Maximum charge current, Port Alternator

100A (with a 125A fuse)

Maximum charge current, Port SYSTEM+


Maximum discharge current, Port SYSTEM+


Peak discharge current


Input voltage to start charging


Current consumption, remote on

17,5 mA (excluding Load output and Charge output current)

Current consumption, remote off

6,5 mA (BMS functionality still active)

Current consumption, remote off

4,5 mA (BMS functionality disabled)

Load disconnect output

Normally high (Vbat – 0.1V)

Source current limit: 10mA (short circuit protected)

Sink current: 0A (output free floating)

Charge disconnect output

Normally high (Vbat – 0.1V)

Source current limit: 10mA (short circuit protected)

Sink current: 0A (output free floating)

Pre-alarm output

Normally low

High (Vbat) in case of alarm, max. 1A

(not short circuit proof)

Remote (or System) on/off:

Remote L and Remote H

Use modes:

  1. ON when the L and H terminal are interconnected

  2. ON when the L terminal is pulled to battery minus (V < 5V)

  3. ON when the H terminal is high (V > 3V)

  4. OFF in all other conditions


Operating temperature range

-40°C to +60°C

Humidity, maximum / average

100% / 95%

Protection, electronics


DC power connection AB, LB, battery plus


DC connector battery minus

Faston female, 6.3mm




Dimensions (hxwxd)

65 x 120 x 340 mm



EN 61000-6-3, EN 55014-1


EN 61000-6-2, EN 61000-6-1, EN 55014-2

Automotive Directive

ECE R10-5

SKU VIC.BMS210055000
Model # BMS210055000
UPC/EAN 8719076052883
Brand Victron Energy
Shipping Weight 2.0000kg
Shipping Width 0.080m
Shipping Height 0.135m
Shipping Length 0.365m
Shipping Cubic 0.003942000m3
Unit Of Measure ea

Purchase with confidence knowing your product is covered by the Victron 5-year manufacturer warranty.

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